Nobel Prize 2023 in Medicine announced

logo class24
Class24
Nobel Prize 2023 in Medicine announced

On 2nd October 2023, the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute, located in Stockholm, Sweden, revealed the recipient of the 2023 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. This year, the award has been given to Katalin Kariko, and Drew Weissman for the development of effective mRNA vaccines against Covid-19. The Nobel Prize is a prestigious prize, given in six categories i.e. Physiology or Medicine, Chemistry, Physics, Peace, Economics science, and Literature. This article is very important for upcoming exams such as UPSC, SSC, Banking, and other state-level based exams.

About the Nobel Prize:

Established by

It was established by the will of Alfred Nobel (Dynamite inventor)

To Whom

This award is given to the person, who has conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.

First award

1901

Award categories

6 (Physiology or Medicine, Chemistry, Physics, Peace, Economics science, and Literature)

Prize ceremony

Stockholm, Sweden (in December every year)

Award

Gold Medal, Diploma, and Monetary prize

Share of Nobel Prize

Up to 3 persons can share the Nobel Prize.

No award after death.

First recipient

In 1901, the first Nobel Prize was given in five categories.

  1. Physics: Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (for the discovery of X-rays)
  2. Chemistry: Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff ( for his work on rates of chemical equilibrium, chemical reaction, and osmotic pressure)
  3. Physiology or Medicine: Emil Adolf von Behring (studied TB (Tuberculosis) and diphtheria bacteria)
  4. Literature: Sully Prudhomme ( for publishing young French poets)
  5. Peace: Jean Henry Dunant (humanitarian efforts) and Frédéric Passy (international peace conferences)

In 1968, Sweden's central bank, Sveriges Riksbank established the Prize in Economic Sciences.

  1. Economic sciences: Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen (development of mathematical formulations of economics)

Nobel Prize committee

  1. Physics: It is given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
  2. Chemistry: It is given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
  3. Physiology or Medicine: It is given by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet
  4. Literature: It is given by the Swedish Academy.
  5. Peace: It is given by the Norwegian Nobel Committee
  6. Economic sciences: It is the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Nobel Prize 2023 in Medicine:

  • In 2023, the Nobel Prize in Medicine for 2023 was given to Katalin Kariko (Hungarian-American biochemist) and Drew Weissman (American physician and scientist).

  • Katalin Kariko:

    • She also became the 13th woman to win the Nobel Prize in medicine.

    • She also served as a senior vice president at BioNTech, which partnered with Pfizer to make the COVID-19 vaccines.

  • Drew Weissman:

    • He is a professor and director of the Penn Institute for RNA Innovations.

  • The award was announced by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, located in Stockholm, Sweden.

  • The award has been given for their discoveries that enabled the development of effective mRNA (messenger RiboNucleic Acid) vaccines against COVID-19.

  • The Nobel Prizes are presented in Stockholm, Sweden on 10th December (the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death).

Some interesting Nobel Prize for Medicine facts:

Discovery

Year

Recipients

Discovery of the Hepatitis C virus

2020

Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice

Discoveries concerning yellow fever

1951

Max Theiler

Discovery of vitamin K

1943

Henrik Carl Peter Dam

Discovery of the chemical nature of vitamin K

1943

Edward Adelbert Doisy

Discovery of human blood groups

1930

Karl Landsteiner

Discovery of the antineuritic vitamin

1929

Christiaan Eijkman

Discovery of the growth-stimulating vitamins

1929

Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins

Discovery of Insulin

1923

Frederick Grant Banting and John James Rickard Macleod

Indians won the Nobel Prize in Medicine:

Recipients

year

Reason

Har Gobind Khorana

1968

He was awarded for the interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis

Ronald Ross

1902

He was awarded for his work on malaria.

Through his study, he has shown how it enters the organism.

How many women won the Nobel Prize in Medicine?

As of 2023, 13 women have won the Nobel Prize in Medicine. The list of women recipients is as follows:

Recipients

year

Reason

Gerty Theresa Radnitz-Cori

1947

She was awarded for the discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen

Rosalyn Sussman Yalow

1977

She was awarded for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones

Barbara [Eleanor] McClintock

1983

She was awarded for the discovery of mobile genetic elements

Rita Levi-Montalcini

1986

She was awarded for the discoveries of growth factors

Gertrude "Trudy" Belle Elion

1995

She was awarded for the discovery of concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development

Linda Buck-Brent

2004

She was awarded for the discovery of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

2008

She was awarded for their discovery of HIV, human immunodeficiency virus

Elizabeth Helen Blackburn

2009

She has shared her prize for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase

Carolyn Widney Greider-Comfort

May-Britt Moser

2014      

She has been awarded for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain

Tú Yōuyōu

2015      

She has been awarded for the discovery of concerning a novel therapy (artemisinin) against Malaria

Katalin Karikó

2023

She has been awarded for the development of effective mRNA vaccines against Covid-19

 

Chat With Us