Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti 2024 Observed as the Parakram Diwas

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India observed the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (23rd January) as Parakram Diwas annually, since 2021. He is one of India's most prominent freedom fighters. This day is recognized as the 'Parakram Diwas' or Courage Day. This year, 2024, marked the 127th Birth Anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. In this article, we will learn about the significance and history of Parakram Diwas.

Who is Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose?

  • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was a prominent freedom fighter, who was born on 23rd January 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province.

  • His father, Prabhavati Dutt Bose was a lawyer, and his mother, Janakinath Bose, was a social worker.

  • In his early life, he had cleared the Indian Civil Services (ICS) examination in 1919 (the year famous for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre)

  • But, later he resigned from the ICS.

  • He was influenced by Vivekananda's teachings.

  • He considered him (Swami Vivekananda)

  • His political mentor was Chittaranjan Das, and he worked as the editor for his newspaper 'Forward'.

  • Later, he started his newspaper named Swaraj.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's Association with Congress

  • In 1930, he participated in the Salt Satyagraha.

  • But he fiercely opposed the suspension of the Civil Disobedience Movement (1930) and the signing of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact (1931).

  • He was closely associated with left politics in Congress along with Jawaharlal Nehru and M.N. Roy in 1930.

  • He became the congress president at Haripura in 1938.

  • In 1939, he won the presidential elections against Gandhi's candidate Pattabhi Sitarammayya.

  • However due to a difference in ideology with Gandhi Ji, he resigned and left Congress, and Rajendra Prasad took his place.

  • Later, he founded his new party i.e. 'the Forward Bloc' to consolidate the political left and major support base in his home state i.e. Bengal.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's Indian National Army

  • In July 1943, he reached Japanese-controlled Singapore from Germany and launched his famous call, ‘Delhi Chalo’.

  • He also announced the formation of the Azad Hind Government and the Indian National Army on 21st October 1943.

  • The Indian National Army (INA) was first formed under Mohan Singh and Japanese Major Iwaichi Fujiwara.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's Parakram Diwas

Parakarm Diwas has been observed on January 23, annually, since 2021. This day marks the birth anniversary of the eminent freedom fighter, i.e. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. In 2021, the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, announced the Parakarm Diwas to be observed on January 23. The decision was taken to honor Netaji Subash Chandra Bose for his unwavering fight for India's independence from the British.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's famous quote

  1. "Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!"

  2. "Soldiers who always remain faithful to their nation, who are always prepared to sacrifice their lives, are invincible."

  3. "Freedom is not given, it is taken."

  4. "It is our duty to pay for our liberty with our own blood. The freedom that we shall win through our sacrifice and exertions, we shall be able to preserve with our own strength."

  5. "One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives."