International Day of Democracy 2023

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International Day of Democracy 2023

The International Day of Democracy 2023 is observed annually on 15th September annually to promote and uphold the principles of democracy. The official theme for 2023, declared by the UN is Empowering the next generation. This day helps to understand the state of democracy in the world.

History of International Day of Democracy

  • In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has passed a resolution to celebrate the International Day of Democracy on September 15.

  • The existence of this day, come after the Universal Declaration on Democracy, which was adopted by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) on September 15, 1997.

  • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) is an organization of national parliaments.

  • Later, an Arab country, Qatar also promote the International Day of Democracy.

  • Finally, on November 8, 2007, the UNGA has passed a resolution titled 'Support by United Nations system of efforts of governments to promote and consolidate a new or restored democracies' and declared to observed 15th September as an International Democracy Day.

International Day of Democracy themes:

  • In 2023, the theme of International Day of Democracy is Empowering the next generation.

  • The theme for 2022 was 'Protecting Press Freedom for Democracy'.

  • The theme for 2021 was 'Strengthening democratic resilience in the face of future crises'.

About Democracy:



Origin of Democracy: 

  • Democracy derived from the Greek words.

  • Where, 'demos' refers to citizens of a city-state, while 'kratos' signifies the 'power' or 'rule' in the form of government.

Pivotal components of democracy

  1. Respect for human rights,

  2. Fundamental freedoms

  3. Genuine elections through universal suffrage constitute

Universal Declaration of Human Right’s Article 19

  • This article states that everyone has the right to freedom of expression and opinion.

V-Dem Democracy Report 2023

In March 2023, the Institute at Sweden’s University, V-Dem (Varieties of Democracy) released the V-Dem Democracy Report 2023, titled Defiance in the Face of Autocratisation, which highlighted the state of democracy across the world.




The V- Dem used five indexes the measure the state of democracy.

(1) Deliberative democracy index

(2) Egalitarian democracy index

(3) Electoral democracy index

(4) Liberal democracy index (LDI)

(5) Participatory democracy index

Description of Five Indexes

(1) Deliberative democracy index: It measures political decisions and coercion

(2) Egalitarian democracy index: It measures the access to rights and liberties

(3) Electoral democracy index: It measures election cleanliness

(4) Liberal democracy index (LDI): It measures the protection of rights of individual and minority

(5) Participatory democracy index: It measures the engagement if citizen in electoral and non-electoral political processes

Top 5 countries (Based on LDI):

Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Switzerland, and Estonia

Bottom 5 nations (Based on LDI):

North Korea (179), Eritrea (178),  Afghanistan, (177), Chad (176), and Syria (175)

India’s Rank

  1. Liberal democracy index: 97 rank
  2. Deliberative democracy index: 95 rank
  3. Egalitarian democracy index: 123 rank
  4. Electoral democracy index: 108 rank
  5. Participatory democracy index: 73 rank


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