Bharat Ratna 2024: Five people have been selected for the Bharat Ratna

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As of 9th February 2024, the Government of India has selected five people for India's Highest Award i.e. Bharat Ratna. These five personalities are PV Narasimha Rao, Ch Charan Singh, MS Swaminathan, LK Advani, and Karpoori Thakur. Usually, the government of India named three Bharat Ratna awards in a year, but this year (2024), the government has named five people for Bharat Ratna. With the names of these five renowned personalities, the number of Bharat Ratna goes to 53. In January 2024, the Indian Government announced the name of the former CM of Bihar, Karpoori Thakur, later LK Advani, PV Narasimha Rao, Ch Charan Singh, and M S Swaminathan. Here is the brief about the Bharat Ratna 2024 awardees.

Bharat Ratna 2024: Highlights

Bharat Ratna 2024: Highlights

Awarded by

The Government of India

First Bharat Ratna


First Bharat Ratna Awardees

C. Rajagopalachari, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and C. V. Raman

Latest Bharat Ratna


Latest Bharat Ratna awardees

PV Narasimha Rao, Ch Charan Singh, MS Swaminathan, LK Advani, and Karpoori Thakur

Total Number of Bharat Ratna Awardees


Who is PV Narasimha Rao?

  • Pamulaparti Venkata Narasimha Rao (PV Narasimha Rao) was a veteran politician, who served as the prime minister of India from June 21, 1991 to May 16, 1996 for 1,791 days.

  • Early life:

    • PV Narasimha Rao was born in Karimnagar, Andhra Pradesh, in 1921.

    • He was born in a Telugu Niyogi Brahmin family.

    • He studied studied at Osmania University in Hyderabad, Bombay University, and Nagpur University.

    • He was an agriculturist and an advocate by profession.

  • Political Career:

    • He also served a chief minister of Andhra Pradesh till 1973.

    • He served as the Minister for External Affairs from January 14, 1980, to July 18, 1984.

    • Later appointed as the Minister of Home Affairs from July 1984 to December 1984, and the Minister of Defence from December 1984 to September 1985.

    • He was credited with bringing economic reforms to India in 1991.

Who is Charan Singh?

  • Chaudhary Charan Singh was a renowned Indian politician and freedom fighter, who served as the 5th prime minister of India from 28 July 1979 to 20 August 1979, for 170 days.

  • He was sworn in as the fifth PM of India on July 28, 1979, and stepped down after 170 days, as his government failed to prove a majority on the floor of Parliament.

  • Early Life:

    • Chaudhary Charan Singh was born on 23rd December 1902, which is observed as National Farmers Day, in Noorpur, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, British India, (present-day Uttar Pradesh).

  • Political Career:

    • He was first elected to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly in 1937 from Chhaprauli.

    • He represented the constituency in 1946, 1952, 1962 and 1967.

    • He also served as the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh twice (1967 and 1970).

Who is MS Swaminathan?

  • MS Swaminathan is a veteran agriculturist and popularly known as the father of the Green Revolution in India.

  • He was born in 1925 and obtained a BSc degree in Zoology from the Maharajas College in Thiruvananthapuram.

  • He also received a degree in agricultural Sciences from the Coimbatore Agricultural College.

  • He is credited for introducing changes in farming in the 1960s and ‘70s that helped India achieve food security.

Who is LK Advani?

  • Lal Kishan Advani, a BJP Leader, was also named for the Bharat Ratna 2024.

  • He served as the BJP national president from 1986-90, 1993-98, and 2004-05.

  • He was first the Home Minister and later, the Deputy Prime Minister in the former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee's cabinet from 1999 to 2004.

Who is Karpoori Thakur?

  • Karpoori Thakur was born on 24th January 1924 in Pitaunjhia, Bihar, and Orissa Province, British India.

  • He was known for his deep connection with the backward classes.

  • He joined the Quit India Movement (1942) and was jailed with other freedom fighters but kept struggling to push the Britishers out of the country.

  • He served as Chief Minister of Bihar twice, first from December 1970 to June 1971 and later from December 1977 to April 1979.

  • He also served as the second Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar from 5 March 1967 to 31 January 1968.

  • Before this, he also served as the Education minister of Bihar.

  • He also emerged as the leading backward caste leader in Bihar.

Bharat Ratna 2024: List of Bharat Ratna (1954 – 2024)


Name of Awardee



Chakaravarti Rajagopalachari


Statesman, writer, lawyer, and independence activist

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Philosopher, politician and former President of India

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman


Bhagwan Das


Independence activist, philosopher, and educationist

Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya

Civil engineer, statesman, and Diwan of Mysore

Jawaharlal Nehru

Independence activist, author and former Prime Minister of India

Govind Ballabh Pant


Independence activist

Dhondo Keshav Karve


Social reformer and educator

Bidhan Chandra Roy


Physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker

Purushottam Das Tandon


Independence activist

Rajendra Prasad


Independence activist, lawyer, statesman, scholar and former President of India

Zakir Husain


Independence activist

Pandurang Vaman Kane

Indologist and Sanskrit scholar

Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous)


Independence activist and former Prime Minister of India

Indira Gandhi


politician and former Prime Minister of India

Varahagiri Venkata Giri


Independence activist and former President of India

Kumaraswamy Kamraj (Posthumous)


Politician and former Tamil Nadu chief minister

Mother Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu (Mother Teresa)


Founder of the Missionaries of Charity

Vinoba Bhave (Posthumous)


Independence activist, social reformer

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan


Independence activist

Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran (Posthumous)


Actor turned politician

Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (Posthumous)


Social reformer

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

anti-apartheid activist

Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous)


Politician and former Prime Minister of India

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous)

Independence activist

Morarji Ranchhodji Desai

Independence activist and Prime Minister of India

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous)


Independence activist

Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata


Satyajit Ray


Gulzari Lal Nanda


Independence activist

Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous)

Independence activist

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

Aerospace, defence scientist and former President of India

Madurai Shanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi


Carnatic classical vocalist

Chidambaram Subramaniam


Independence activist

Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous)


Independence activist, social reformer

Amartya Sen


Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)

Independence activist

Ravi Shankar

sitar player

Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar


Playback singer

Ustad Bismillah Khan

Hindustani classical shehnai player

Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi


Hindustani classical vocalist

C. N. R. Rao


chemist and professor

Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar



Atal Bihari Vajpayee


Politician and former Prime Minister of India

Madan Mohan Malaviya (Posthumous)

Scholar and educational reformer

Nanaji Deshmukh (Posthumous)


social activist

Bhupendra Kumar Hazarika (Posthumous)

Playback singer, lyricist, musician, poet, and film-maker

Pranab Mukherjee

Politician and former President of India

Karpoori Thakur (Posthumous)


Politician and former Bihar chief minister

L K Advani

BJP leader

PV Narasimha Rao (Posthumous)

Former Prime Minister of India

Ch Charan Singh (Posthumous)

Former Prime Minister of India

M S Swaminathan

Father of Green Revolution

India's Highest Citizen Honour: Bharat Ratna

  • Instituted: 1954

  • First recipient (1954): Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, and Dr. ChandrasekharaVenkata Raman

  • Latest recipient (2024): Karpoori Thakur (49th)

  • Recognition: The award honor to recognize exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavor.

  • The Prime Minister of India sends the recommendation for the Bharat Ratna to the President of India.

  • The number of Bharat Ratna Awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.

  • The medal is in the form of a peepal leaf which is 5.8 cm long, 4.7 cm wide, and 3.1 mm thick

Bharat Ratna 2024: Frequently Asked Questions

1. How many personalities have been selected for the Bharat Ratna 2024?

Ans: In 2024, five renowned personalities have been selected for the Bharat Ratna 2024. These five people are PV Narasimha Rao, Ch Charan Singh, MS Swaminathan, LK Advani, and Karpoori Thakur.

2. The first Bharat Ratna award was announced in which year?

Ans: The first Bharat Ratna award was announced in 1954.

3. Who was the first recipient of the Bharat Ratna Award?

Ans: C. Rajagopalachari, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and C. V. Raman are the first recipients of the Bharat Ratna Award.

4. As of February 2024, how many Bharat Ratna awards have been given to awardees?

Ans: Only 53, Bharat Ratna awards have been given to awardees.

5. In which year Bharat Ratna waa given to a veteran Playback singer, Lata Mangeskar?

Ans: A veteran Playback singer, Lata Mangeskar was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 2001.